MBSR Mindfulness Based Stress Reduction

MBSR or Mindfulness based Stress Reduction and related methods

MBSR is a type of mindfulness based stress reduction created by Kabat-Zinn and colleagues. it is a toolkit of methods drawn from mindfulness which is a full and comprehensive form of psychology. MBSR is a cut down toolkit which in some ways is limiting, but is also great for providing a model for research and testing. As such it has proved highly effective in managing stress and anxiety.

Other mindfulness based stress management methods also exist, often combined with hypnosis, such as the Association of Stress Management model which at the time of the author’s training in 1993-6 had already been used on over 120,000 cases in the UK (ASM Figures 1994).

other similar and related methods such as transcendental meditation and Taoist or Zen based methods share many of the features of MBSR.

Mindfulness Coach

Clinical Mindfulness

Mindfulness Informed Professional

Mindfulness Informed Professional

What does MBSR and similar models do?

These methods combine a combination of active mindfulness and passive mindfulness. Active mindfulness involves learning about thought processes and behaviours and then initiating change to perception and behaviour, rather like in CBT although using somewhat different underpinning theory.

Passive mindfulness involves learning meditation and mindful practice methods to reduce and control stress build up.

What is MBSR useful for?

MBSR was specifically designed to manage stress. Other forms of mindfulness such as MBCT and teaching mindfulness can be used for anxiety, depression, OCD, pain management and general condition management, and various forms of mindful (see main mindfulness page for research details).

Stress Management Consultant

Stress Management Consultant

Zhou et al (2020) found MBSR effective in treating anxiety in young adults.  Chi et al (2018) found MBSR effective in treating depression in adolescents and young adults. Conversano et al (2020) found MBSR effective in treating hypertension. Dong et al (2018) found MBSR effective in adult PTSD. Khoury et al (2015) found MBSR effective in a range of anxiety, depression, stress and distress.

Zhou, X., Guo, J., Lu, G., Chen, C., Xie, Z., Liu, J., & Zhang, C. (2020). Effects of mindfulness-based stress reduction on anxiety symptoms in young people: A systematic review and meta-analysis. Psychiatry Research, 289, 113002. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.psychres.2020.113002

Chi, X., Bo, A., Liu, T., Zhang, P., & Chi, I. (2018). Effects of Mindfulness-Based Stress Reduction on Depression in Adolescents and Young Adults: A Systematic Review and Meta-Analysis. Frontiers in Psychology, 9. https://www.frontiersin.org/article/10.3389/fpsyg.2018.01034

Conversano, C., Orrù, G., Pozza, A., Miccoli, M., Ciacchini, R., Marchi, L., & Gemignani, A. (2021). Is Mindfulness-Based Stress Reduction Effective for People with Hypertension? A Systematic Review and Meta-Analysis of 30 Years of Evidence. International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health, 18(6), 2882. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph18062882

Dong T., Zhang C., Zhang Z., Dong Y., & Li F. (2018). A meta-analysis of mindfulness-based stress reduction for improving symptoms of post-traumatic stress disorder. Chinese Mental Health Journal, 7–14.

Khoury, B., Sharma, M., Rush, S. E., & Fournier, C. (2015). Mindfulness-based stress reduction for healthy individuals: A meta-analysis. Journal of Psychosomatic Research, 78(6), 519–528.

Who provides Mindfulness?

Because there is no one recognised qualification or accreditation for mindfulness, it is important to choose a well qualified healthcare or psychological practitioner with underpinning psychological qualifications, who also has a commitment and training in mindfulness. This is often a psychotherapist, hypnotherapist or healthcare practitioner with post qualification training or CPD training in mindfulness methods.

Stuart and Denise are both registered healthcare practitioners with underpinning qualifications and accreditations, and with post qualification CPD trainings in mindfulness. Both are registered with the CNHC (who hold a PSA AR) under  Hypnotherapy.  Stuart has several competency certifications in Clinical application of Mindfulness for Clients and Groups and is a post graduate post qualification Certified Mindfulness informed clinician.

Mindfulness Association

Mindfulness Association Registered Practitioner

Key words

MBSR, Stress management, stress manager, stress management consultant, reduce stress, hypnosis for stress, mindfulness for stress, mindful stress management, psychotherapy and mindfulness, mindfulness counselling, mindfulness therapy, Edinburgh, Midlothian, Glasgow, Falkirk, Stirlingshire, Scotland, Hypnosis, hypnotherapy, psychology, anxiety, Bipolar, depression, OCD, anxiety disorder, stress disorder, mental health

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